Badminton

Badminton is a racquet sport played by either two contrasting players (singles) or two opposing pairs (doubles), who take positions on opposite halves of a rectangular court that is divided by a net.

Players score points by outstanding a shuttlecock with their racquet so that it passes over the net and lands in their opponents' half of the court. A rally ends once the shuttlecock has struck the soil, and each side may only strike the shuttlecock once before it passes over the net. The shuttlecock (or shuttle) is a feathered projectile whose unique aerodynamic properties cause it to fly in a different way from the balls used in most commotion sports.

In particular, the feathers create much higher drag, causing the shuttlecock to decelerate more rapidly than a ball. Shuttlecocks have a much higher top speed, when compared to other racquet sports.

Because shuttlecock flight is exaggerated by wind, competitive badminton is played indoors. Badminton is also played outdoors as a casual recreational movement, often as a garden or beach game. Since 1992, badminton has been an Olympic sport with five events: men's and women's singles, men's and women's doubles, and mixed doubles, in which every one pair consists of a man and a woman. At high levels of play, the sport demands excellent fitness: players require aerobic stamina, agility, strength, speed and precision.

It is also a technical sport, requiring good motor coordination and the expansion of sophisticated racquet movements. The beginnings of Badminton can be traced to mid-18th century British India, where it was created by British military officers stationed there. Early photographs show Englishmen adding together a net to the traditional English game of battledore and shuttlecock. Being mainly popular in the British garrison town Poona (now Pune), the game also came to be known as Poona. Initially, balls of wool refereed as ball badminton were favored by the upper classes in windy or wet conditions, but ultimately the shuttlecock stuck. This game was taken by retired officers back to England where it urbanized and rules were set out.