Ballparks and Arenas

A modern stadium (plural stadiums or stadia is a place or venue for (mostly) outdoor sports, concerts, or other events and consists of a pasture or stage either partly or completely surrounded by a structure designed to allow spectators to stand or sit and view the event.

Pausanias noted that for about half a century the only event at the ancient Greek Olympic festival was the race that comprised one length of the stade at Olympia, where the utterance stadium is originally derived from. The word originates from the Greek word "stadion" , a Greek measure of length approximately 200 metres.The oldest known stadium is the one in Olympia, in the western Peloponnese, Greece, where the Olympic Games of antiquity were held since 776 BC.

At first 'the Games' consisted of a single event, a sprint along the length of the stadium. Therefore the length of Olympia's stadium was supplementary or less standardized as a measure of distance.

The practice of standardizing footrace tracks to a measurement lengthwise of 180-200 meters (200-220 yd) was followed by the Romans as well. Greek and Roman stadiums have been originate in numerous ancient cities, perhaps the most celebrated being the Stadium of Domitian, in Rome. The first stadium to be used in modern times, and the only one to be used during the 19th century, was the excavate and refurbished ancient Panathenaic stadium which has hosted Olympic Games in 1870,1875, 1896, 1906, and 2004.

The excavation and restoration of the stadium was part of the legacy of the Greek national benefactor Evangelis Zappas.