Paralympic Games

The Paralympic Games, Olympic-style games, is an international sport event for world-class athletes living with a disability. The Paralympic games are occurred in every four years.

The International Paralympic Committee (IPC) is organized the Paralympic games. The man who invented the Paralympics was the English neurologist and neurosurgeon Professor Ludwig Guttman. On 28 July 1948, the opening day of the London Olympic Games, a sports competition for World War II veterans with spinal cord injuries was held and twelve years later, in Rome, Italy, 1960, Guttman's impossible dream came true when the first disabled persons entered the Olympics. The word "Paralympics" means for "parallel" Olympics and is open for disabled athletes.

From 1988 in Seoul, Korea, the Paralympic Summer Games has been organized in the same year as the Olympics. The Paralympics are for athletes from six dissimilar disability groups.

Today, the Paralympics are premium sport events for athletes with a disability. They highlight the participants' athletic achievements rather than their disability. The movement has developed dramatically since its first days. The total number of athletes participating in Summer Paralympic Games has increased from 400 athletes from 23 countries in Rome in 1960 to 3,951 athletes from 146 countries in Beijing in 2008.The Paralympic Games have always been organized in the same year as the Olympic Games.

Since the Seoul 1988 Paralympic Games and the Albertville 1992 Winter Paralympic Games they have also held at the same venue as the Olympics. On 19 June 2001, an agreement was signed between the IOC and the IPC securing this practice for the future.