Track and Field

The sport of track and pasture has its roots in human prehistory. Track and field-style events are in the middle of the oldest of all sporting competitions, as running, jumping and throwing are natural and universal forms of person physical expression.

The first recorded examples of prearranged track and field events at a sports festival are the Ancient Olympic Games. At the primary Games in 776 BC in Olympia, Greece, only one occurrence was contested: the stadion footrace. The scope of the Games expanded in later years to comprise further running struggle, but the introduction of the Ancient Olympic pentathlon marked a step towards track and field as it is recognized today ? it comprised a five-event antagonism of the long jump, javelin throw, discus throw, the stadion foot race, and wrestling.

Track and field proceedings were also in attendance at the Pan-Hellenic Games in Greece in the region of this period, and they spread to Rome in Italy around 200 BC.

After the stage of Classical antiquity (in which the sport was largely Greco-Roman influenced) new track and field events began developing in parts of Northern Europe in the middle Ages. The stone put and weight throw competitions popular between Celtic societies in Ireland and Scotland were precursors to the modern shot put and hammer throw actions. One of the last track and field proceedings to develop was the pole vault, which stem from competitions such as the Fierljeppen contests in the Northern European Lowlands in the 18th century.